Pre-Interview Tasks

Historical Background

Before doing an interview, you should familiarize yourself with the history of Rhode Island, of immigration, and of Latino history as it has been documented in other areas of the country. If you know little about Latin America & the Caribbean, or the social conflicts faced by Spanish-speaking people in their country of origins or in other parts of the U.S., for example, you will have difficulty developing good questions, conducting good interviews, and placing oral memoirs into a meaningful context. Your interviews will improve if you are familiar with the chronology, themes, and key figures and issues of the period in which you are trying to cover, both in Latin America and the United States. Pre-interview reading and discussion will enrich the interviews and improve the overall value of the project. Also, be aware that working with Latinos, or people who are from another country, opens one up to some cultural misunderstandings which could be avoided if one takes the time to understand and learn about that particular culture. Certain cultural subtleties that we take for granted if we are of that culture.

The Personal

For example, in Latin American cultures, it is important to understand the close relationships that family members have toward one another, how to present yourself when entering a Latino home, and what is expected of you once you are embraced and allowed to become a part of this family’s personal world. The interview may not happen during the first appointment because you will be expected to sit at their table and eat their arroz y pollo (rice & chicken) or drink a cup of café, watch las novelas (soap operas) and familiarize yourself with them, and then meet all the pertinent (and no so pertinent) members of the family. Once you are embraced and pass all muster, then you are "welcomed into the family." It is then that you may have to make a second or even third appointment so you can proceed with the interview. However, do not be surprised if you are joined by up to five other members of the family who drop in unannounced to “observe” but who soon begin to give a personal opinion about the life of the person whom you are trying to interview. These kinds of cultural nuances may apply to many other ethnic groups as well.

And the Not-So-Personal

It is also worth taking time to familiarize yourself with interview techniques. Thinking and talking about what makes a good question and a good interview can improve your projects. Actually practicing is also helpful—a student can interview a teacher, with other students observing and then discussing what they saw; or students can interview one other, followed by a debriefing session where you reflect on the experience, discuss what kinds of questions worked best, and identify strategies for improving the interview.

Click here for a list of general guidelines that would help you prepare yourself for an interview with Spanish-speaking narrators. Be aware that the list is neither exhaustive, culture specific, nor is it intended to by stereotypical. It is simply a guideline to help you become culturally competent as you prepare yourself to participate in this oral history project, and to interact with Latinos in general. Keep in mind that this list is only relevant depending upon the level of acculturation of the Hispanic individual.
Marta V. Martínez is an independent oral historian. She is also the founder of the Hispanic Heritage Committee of Rhode Island (under the direction which this project has been made possible) and the former Director of Publications at the Rhode Island Historical Society. She has been collecting oral memories and researching the history of the Latino community of Rhode Island since 1991. To contact her, click here.
Staff
Project Director: Marta V. Martínez
Project Assistant: Ashleyann Rivera
Project Assistant: Diana Figueroa
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Nuestras Raíces
@ Rhode Island Latino Arts

393 Broad Street • Suite 106
Providence, RI
info@nuestrasraicesri.org
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RI State Employees can designate the Hispanic Heritage Committee of RI - our parent organization - for donation through SECA. Visit our Contribute webpage for more details.
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